Reading instructions for statistics

Figures of the statistics relates sales from publishers to retail. VAT and retail fee are not included in these figures.

Direct sales is comprised of publishers’ sales to end customers (consumer, company or an organisation) excluding VAT and retail fee.

Comparability of the years.

Only data from previous five years is shown for printed books and latest online publications. For online publications sales since 2007 are shown.

Information since 1990 can be found under the title ”LONG TERM REPORTS”.

Due to changes of the statistics the records of different years should be considered indicative instead of being fully comparable between each other.

Since year 2007, comic book publishing and sales are recorded as a separate product group as they were previously contained in children's and young people's books.

About tables

Every table has a short information of the subject.

Every table has an excel-icon. By clicking the icon you can open table in question as an excel-file.

Terms used in statistics

Fiction does not include neither children's and youth literature nor comics.

Comics includes all comic books.

Children literature includes all the books, which has been classified as children books by publisher except comics.

Youth literature includes all the books, which has been classified as youth books by publisher except comics.

Non fiction books does not include children's and youth literature.

Paperback is a euroformat (110 x 178 mm), soft-cover book or a trade paperback. Statistically comic books are not paperbacks.

Materials (educational material in digital products) includes material and all important material related to the subjects for teachers and students.

Other material (educational material in digital form) is other than grammar school or high school text- or course book and is not related material to the subjects for teachers and students.

Audiobook in physical form includes sales of cd-, dvd- or other recorded books

Digital recording, excluding audiobooks includes sales of cd-, dvd- and other recorded books or multimedia content classified as books

Downloadable audio book and downloadable electronic book are individual books which are downloaded to single computer either before or during the use.

Online publication is larger entity than a single book and can be used only over the network.